- Protection of Civilians (early prototype)
- Investigating Atrocity (2021)
- Climate Security and Peace Operations (2022)
All three simulations were demonstrated at the United Nations, including to the Military and Police Advisers Community (MPAC), and to offices in the UN Secretariat, including the Department of Peace Operations (DPO) and the Office for Information and Communication Technology.
Peacekeeping Simulations in Education
Playable simulations were developed for several courses in Canadian Military Colleges in 2022. The feedback of officer-students was positive and encouraging.
Investigating Atrocity was played in graduate courses at the Canadian Forces College (CFC) and the Royal Military College (RMC).
Climate Security and Peace Operations was played in a course at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR St Jean) to teach and illustrate the effects of climate change on the local population, on conflict between (both the positive and negative effects), and on peace operations in the field.
Climate Security and Peace Operations
In 2022, this module was played in a course at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR St Jean) to teach and illustrate the effects of climate change on the local population, on conflict (both the positive and negative effects), and on peace operations in the field.
This updated version of the simulation aims to showcase the multidimensional aspects of peacekeeping. Players will act as investigation lead as they head into an IDP camp
In future iterations players will be able to plan mission logistics, basic approaches to investigations. Players will also get exposure to a greater variety of actors that peacekeepers must engage with on a day-to-day basis including, peacekeepers in the civilian pool, vulnerable individuals impacted by the conflict (and climate change), and even belligerents that aim to spoil the peace process.
Comments from the first group of students to play the simulation in the course
DS526: Peace and Stability Operations An Evolving Practice
4 February 2022
On 27 January 2022, the CFC students in Dr. Dorn’s Complementary Studies course DS526 (“Peace and Stability Operations: An Evolving Practice”) were offered the chance to play “Peacekeeping Simulation: Investigating Atrocity,” where the avatar is a United Nations Military Observer (UNMO). The following are comments volunteered by the students after playing the simulation.
As an Armour Officer, we use simulation during the conduct of our training for gunnery and tactics. Prior to going “live” with vehicles and troops, simulation provides a venue where we can practice what we have learned in theory classes and also provides a place where personnel can make mistakes and learn from them without causing damage to vehicles or personnel.
The simulation you and your team designed is very impressive and fills a void in UN training. I have done research on pre-deployment training for UN missions in preparation for my paper for this class, and this simulation fills a much-needed needed gap in the UNMO training.
I hope you are able to develop other scenarios, as it is very valuable to reinforce theory for somebody deploying in the role of an UNMO.
Thanks for the opportunity to run through the simulation.
– Major Rich Bulley
Note that I played the simulation quite a few times and it was very interesting to see the responses of all the characters in the simulation. This is definitely a worthwhile training tool because it allows you to see the consequences of wrong and right answers from the helpful hints after you make selections.
It was very fun to learn about conducting a UNMO investigation in a low-stress video game-like environment!
– LCol / lcol John-Alec Bossence
Great little simulation. Instant feedback when my answers could have been better or tips on how to make my answers better is especially useful. I also appreciated the straightforwardness of the Kambo tribe in Kamboua province and associations with the Kambo Liberation Movement. Perhaps it can be more complex in future scenarios, but this is great simplicity for an introductory scenario.
– Maj Jérémie Dulong
I truly believe the simulation you and the team have been developing has a ton of potential to increase survivability and decrease ambiguity for personnel deploying. Thanks to you and the team for the effort you continue to put into it. If you ever need a perspective from someone who thinks like a knuckle dragging infanteer (which happens to be the majority of peacekeepers) I am happy to help.
– Maj Shane Gapp
On the simulation of military observers, I wish that I have learned this before my participation as a military observer in the Central African Republic, because it would have facilitated a lot in my work as a military observer and how to deal in some difficult times and circumstances.
– Maj. Mohammad Althunibat (Jordan)
It took me a couple attempts to get the hang of it and what to do. Overall I thought it was a great alpha version. The game ran smoothly without any issues for me. In terms of learning objectives, I think it certainly showed a lot of potential, especially as the scenario fleshes out in the future. I appreciated the opportunity to try it out and glad we got it in before the end of the course!
– LCdr|Capc Kyle Aubrey
Prototypes were developed in Unity Engine using Game Creator. The prototypes are for Windows but other operating systems are anticipated to be added. After Unity creates the Build (one for each module), they are placed on Google drive and can be downloaded. Voices were generated using Speechelo. Much of the material draws upon UN Special Training Materials (STM) in the UN Peacekeeping Resource Hub.